Monday, February 6, 2023 | 1:00 PM - 1:50 PM
Stephen F. & Camilla T. Brauer Hall, 12
6548 Forest Park Pkwy, St. Louis, MO 63112, USA
Alberto Salleo, Chair & Professor of Materials Science & Engineering, Stanford University
Carrier mobility in conjugated polymers continues to increase with recent reports of field-effect mobilities exceeding 10 cm2/V.s, a figure that would enable many exciting technologies such as flexible emissive displays, printed radio-frequency tags and stretchable skin-like electronics. From the materials science point of view, conjugated polymers are fascinating as they are neither entirely ordered or disordered exhibiting regularity at different length-scales. A comprehensive understanding of how electronic charges move through these materials is still missing however it is widely accepted that the polymer microstructure must play a role.
At the molecular scale, I will show that the spatial arrangement of the molecules, as determined by synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction, plays a crucial role in charge delocalization. I will then show how we can study the nano and mesoscale organization of polymer crystals using new transmission electron microscopy techniques that take advantage of developments driven by the needs of the biology community.
By using these techniques we are able to elucidate the microstructure across a range of length-scales in real space and in reciprocal space to extract quantitative information that is typically not visible by inspection of the micrographs. Modeling and experimental transport data are then used to put everything together and elucidate the roles of crystallinity, connectivity and molecular conformation in governing charge transport.
This type of fundamental information is crucial for the systematic and rational design of new high-performance semiconducting polymers. Furthermore, we have recently designed nanocellulose as biofiller to synergistically improve bioplastics mechanical and biodegradable properties. Overall, these studies highlighted that lignocellulosic biomass can be broadly used as a biopolymer resource to design functional materials for addressing energy and environmental challenges.
Host: Richard Loomis